Upgrading of manufacturing industry drives demand

Release time:2021-06-21 20:58

Shipbuilding industry is one of the most important manufacturing and pillar industries in South Korea, and it is also a big exporter of South Korea's foreign trade. It brings a huge trade surplus to South Korea every year. In the past few years, the export volume and trade surplus of South Korea's shipbuilding industry once ranked the first among the seven major export industries of South Korea for consecutive years. The ship export volume in 2010 and 2011 was US $46.7 billion and US $54.1 billion respectively, and the ship export volume in 2012 dropped to less than US $40 billion. Therefore, the trend of shipbuilding market affects the sensitive "economic nerve" of South Korea. Every year at the end of the year and the beginning of the year, the "cloudy, sunny, cold and warm" of the shipbuilding market has become a hot spot in the analysis and prediction of the industry in South Korea.

Forecast: the ship market is expected to improve, but it will remain sluggish in the short term

South Korean financial circles and related industries are generally cautious about the outlook of the international shipbuilding market in 2013, but most think that the shipbuilding market in 2013 will be better than that in 2012. According to the "weather map" of South Korea's pillar export industry in 2013 released by the Korea Trade Association, the shipbuilding industry was "rainy" in 2012 and "overcast" in 2013, and the weather level rose to a higher level. According to the analysis of the National Federation of economic men, a large enterprise consortium organization in South Korea, although the shipbuilding and shipping market will be better than that in 2012, it is still difficult to get out of the shadow of slow world economic growth and European debt crisis. Most market analysts and researchers of several major securities companies in South Korea believe that although the shipbuilding market may slightly improve, the overall sluggish state of the shipbuilding industry will continue, and the number of orders in the market will increase slightly compared with 2012. However, the total number of ship orders held by ship enterprises may fall, the current situation of low ship prices is difficult to change, and the market value of listed shares of South Korean ship enterprises may decline.

A study commissioned by Korea's Chosun Ilbo to carry out by South Korea's securities intelligence company engineer shows that the profits of South Korea's large shipbuilding enterprises will decline in 2013. According to the study, due to the negative economic growth of EU Member States caused by the European financial crisis, the financing capacity of Europe, as the center of the international ship financing market, continues to shrink, which will make it difficult for the new ship orders to increase significantly. The Korea chamber of Commerce and industry believes that several large shipbuilding enterprises in South Korea will strengthen their efforts to capture the market in the field of offshore equipment and liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers, and the global oil and gas development, especially the large-scale development of shale gas and natural gas in the United States, will drive the increase of LNG carrier orders.

In contrast, the market outlook of South Korea's large shipbuilding enterprises is called "cautious" by the South Korean media. Li Zaicheng, general manager of modern heavy industry, said: "the economic depression of developed countries will continue, the economic growth of developing countries will slow down, and the world economy will enter a low growth stage, which makes our business environment more difficult; Shipbuilding and other major sectors of the market is difficult to get out of the doldrums in the short term. "

The president of Korea shipbuilding association is concurrently held by Gao zaihao, general manager of Daewoo shipbuilding. On January 10, the Korean shipbuilding Association held the 2013 New Year's Party of Korean shipbuilding industry. At the party, Gao zaihao looked forward to the prospect of this year's international shipbuilding market. He said that the world economy has entered a low-speed growth stage, the growth of international trade has slowed down greatly, and the average annual growth rate of world trade in previous years was about 6%, Both last year and this year, the growth rate will be around 2.5-2.6%, which will inevitably lead to the decrease of the growth rate of logistics volume in the shipping market and directly affect the shipbuilding sector. "It is expected that this year's export of South Korea's ships and orders for new ships will be the most difficult year since the financial crisis. The overall market environment will make it impossible for us to lift the" tension "and relax at all," he said

In addition to the above-mentioned two major shipbuilding enterprises, the prediction of the South Korean shipbuilding industry for this year's market is that although the world economy is in a downturn, it may turn better in the second half of the year. Therefore, the shipbuilding market is very likely to show a trend of "low in the front and high in the back"; Although the merchant shipping capacity is surplus, the energy-saving and environment-friendly merchant shipping market is optimistic. Compared with competitors, South Korean shipping enterprises have certain technical advantages in this field. Therefore, South Korean shipping enterprises are looking forward to making some achievements in order acceptance of energy-saving and environment-friendly merchant shipping; In addition, the South Korean shipbuilding industry has great confidence in offshore equipment.

In the domestic manufacturing industry, especially in the assembly, dispensing, handling, welding and other industrial fields, robot application has become a hot spot and trend. Some well-known enterprises have begun to use robots in large quantities, including Huawei, ZTE, BYD, etc. Foxconn also suspended recruitment and developed a million robot strategy. All these show that robots in China are close to manufacturing industry, and will become the development trend.

In addition, the State Council issued the 12th Five Year Plan for the development of national strategic emerging industries, which also promoted the development of the Chinese market. In hospitals, families and some service industries, robots are used to speed up the industrial upgrading. This huge market has also attracted the eyes of domestic and foreign enterprises.

Although the robot application field in China is broad, but looking at the robot field in China, 80% of the market share is still occupied by multinational companies. This market, which needs to be broken urgently and has such potential, is also a good opportunity for the development of Chinese enterprises. At present, many governments have issued corresponding policies, including Shanghai, Kunshan, Tangshan, Chongqing, etc., to introduce R & D and manufacturing enterprises, compete to build the local robot industry and seize the robot market.

With the increasing use of industrial robots in China, the market demand for robots has increased significantly, and it is expected to reach 35000 in 2015, becoming the largest market in the world. In addition, the structural shortage of labor force and the rising labor cost of manufacturing industry promote the development of China's robot industry. The demand of the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry makes the industrial robot to accelerate the development.

At present, robots are mainly used in manufacturing industry. In addition, they are also used in the fields of coal mine brick making, concrete machinery industry, hospital, family and some service industries, military, scientific research and aerospace. Although China's robot industry will develop rapidly, but due to the lack of autonomy in the key parts of the robot, such as servo motor, reducer, controller, sensor and so on, it will be a challenge for the development of China's robot industry.