Basic knowledge of international air transportatio

Release time:2021-06-21 20:49

Air transport is fast and safe. The super efficiency of punctuality has won a considerable market, greatly shortened the delivery time, and greatly promoted the logistics supply chain to speed up the capital turnover and circulation. Major airlines have invested a large number of flights to share the cake of cargo. However, the cost of air transportation is higher than that of sea transportation, and the cost ratio of air transportation is about 1:10.

Inquiry elements

1. Product name (dangerous goods or not)

2. Weight (charge involved), volume (size and whether it is a bubble)

3. Packing (wooden case and pallet)

4. Destination airport (basic point or not)

5. Required time (direct flight or turn flight)

6. Required flights (service and price difference of each flight)

7. Type of bill of lading (main bill and separate bill)

8. Required transportation services (customs declaration method, agency documents, whether customs clearance and delivery, etc.)

Tariff composition

1. Airfreight freight (charged by airlines)

2. Fuel sur charge

3. Security inspection fee

4. Airport operation fee

5. Terminal fees (when the goods are handed over to the dealer, the dealer is responsible for making boards and other things, and finally the airport will collect them)

6. Air master bill fee (hkd15 / BL is the cost of bill of lading - document of title)

Common nouns

ATA / ATD (actual time of arrival / actual time of department): abbreviation of actual arrival / departure time.

Air waybill (AWB): a document issued by or in the name of the shipper, which is a proof of the carriage of goods between the shipper and the carrier.

Luggage, unaccompanied: the luggage that is not carried by the person and is checked in, which is delivered by the way of check-in.

Bonded warehouse: in this kind of warehouse, or goods can be stored without time limit without paying import duties.

Bulk cargo: bulk cargo not loaded on pallets or in containers.

Cao (cargo for freighter only): the abbreviation of "cargo for freighter only", which means that it can only be carried by freighter.

Charges collect: the charges charged to the consignee are listed in the air waybill.

Charges prepaid: to list the charges paid by the shipper in the air waybill.

Chargeable weight: the weight used to calculate air freight. The billing weight can be the volume weight, or when the goods are loaded in the vehicle, the total weight of the load minus the weight of the vehicle.

CIF (cost, insurance and freight): refers to "cost, insurance and freight", that is, C & F plus the seller's insurance for loss and damage of the goods. The seller must sign a contract with the insurer and pay the premium.

Designee: the person whose name is listed on the air waybill to receive the goods delivered by the carrier.

Consignment: the carrier receives one or more pieces of cargo from the shipper at a certain time and place, and carries them to a certain destination with a single air waybill.

Consignor: equivalent to shipper.

Consolidated consignment: a batch of goods consigned by two or more shippers. Each shipper has signed an air transportation contract with the consolidation agent. Consolidator: a person or organization that integrates goods into a container.